10 Cities With the Most Physically Demanding Jobs

Workers and trucks on construction site

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Many Americans struggle to get enough physical activity, but they work diligently to prioritize exercise and movement in their free time. In 2018, Americans spent more than $32 billion on gym memberships and health club costs, according to data from the International Health, Racquet & Sportsclub Association.

At the same time, a significant share of American workers can’t escape strenuous physical activity. In the U.S., approximately 10 percent of workers are in jobs that require “heavy” or “very heavy” work, according to data from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) Occupational Requirements Survey.

Among major work categories, Protective Services occupations—which include firefighters, detectives, and correction officers, among others—are the most physically demanding. According to the BLS, 43 percent of all jobs in this category require heavy or very heavy work.

This category is followed by Construction and Extraction occupations, which encompass carpenters, electricians, and elevator installers. The third occupational group with the largest share of physically demanding jobs is Installation and Repair, where one might work as a car mechanic or a wind turbine technician.

It would be reasonable to think that physically strenuous jobs carry a wage premium, but that’s not necessarily the case. Compared to the average across all occupations, physically demanding jobs pay almost $6,300 (12 percent) less per year. This relationship holds across all metropolitan areas, with a strong negative correlation (-49 percent) between the proportion of physically demanding jobs in a metropolitan area and the mean wage paid there.

Share of workers in physically demanding jobs vs. mean wage

However, jobs requiring strenuous physical work often only require a high school diploma or less. When adjusting for educational attainment, workers in physically demanding jobs tend to earn more than workers with similar levels of education in other jobs.

Using a weighted average, this analysis found the mean annual wage for physically demanding occupations to be $45,648 in 2018. For comparison, the BLS reports that across all workers aged 25 and over, those with a high school diploma typically earn $730 per week—$37,960 per year—and those with less than a high school degree make $553 per week or $28,756 annually. So, for workers without a college education, physically demanding occupations are well-compensated.


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Surprisingly, occupations requiring hard physical work are more common in metropolitan areas with fewer young people (18- to 24-year-olds). This is likely a reflection of both higher educational attainment among today’s young adults and a job market that’s shifting towards high-tech jobs.Share of workers in physically demanding jobs vs. age

Given geographic differences in employment, researchers at EffortlessInsurance.com wanted to find which metropolitan areas have the largest share of physically demanding jobs. The analysts combined data from the BLS Occupational Requirement Survey and the U.S. Census American Community Survey to examine these trends. Only metropolitan areas with at least 100,000 people were included in the analysis. Additionally, metropolitan areas were grouped based on population into small, midsize, and large metros. Here’s what they found.

Metros with the most physically demanding jobs

Large Metros With the Most Physically Demanding Jobs

the sun coming up over Charlotte, NC

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#10 – Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia, NC-SC

  • Share of workers in physically demanding jobs: 10.1%
  • Average wage for physically demanding jobs: $41,640
  • Average wage for all occupations: $51,000
  • Total employment in protective services: 28,990
  • Total employment in construction & extraction: 51,280
  • Total employment in installation & repair: 50,920

In the Charlotte metro area, 4.2 percent of workers are employed in installation and repair occupations, which is slightly higher than the national average of 3.9 percent. A few of the region’s largest employers are Duke Energy and American Airlines, which contribute to the high percentage of jobs in installation and repair.

Among all the metros on this list, Charlotte has the greatest wage differential for those working in physically demanding jobs, with these workers making 18.4 percent less on average than workers across all occupations.

sunset over Las Vegas, Nevada

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#9 – Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, NV

  • Share of workers in physically demanding jobs: 10.2%
  • Average wage for physically demanding jobs: $44,147
  • Average wage for all occupations: $45,600
  • Total employment in protective services: 34,150
  • Total employment in construction & extraction: 47,960
  • Total employment in installation & repair: 33,800

In Las Vegas, 3.5 percent of all employees are in protective services occupations, which is more than 45 percent higher than the national proportion of 2.4 percent. Notably, one of the occupations categorized as “protective services” is “gaming surveillance officer,” which is a security guard that monitors casinos. Las Vegas workers in physically demanding jobs earn just 3.2 percent less than the average worker, which is the smallest difference on this list.

horse and carriage rides parked New Orleans, Louisiana

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#8 – New Orleans-Metairie, LA

  • Share of workers in physically demanding jobs: 10.4%
  • Average wage for physically demanding jobs: $42,365
  • Average wage for all occupations: $44,860
  • Total employment in protective services: 18,390
  • Total employment in construction & extraction: 24,560
  • Total employment in installation & repair: 23,920

In New Orleans, 3.3 percent of all employees work in protective services, which is significantly higher than the national proportion of 2.4 percent. New Orleans also has a disproportionately large number of construction and installation workers, which is likely due to its large port and the prevalence of energy and manufacturing businesses. In New Orleans, workers in physically demanding jobs are paid 5.6 percent less on average than the typical worker.


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pedestrian bridge leading to the city in Houston, Texas

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#7 – Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX

  • Share of workers in physically demanding jobs: 10.4%
  • Average wage for physically demanding jobs: $45,943
  • Average wage for all occupations: $54,290
  • Total employment in protective services: 70,320
  • Total employment in construction & extraction: 182,530
  • Total employment in installation & repair: 130,320

The metropolitan area centered around Houston, the largest city in Texas, offers above average wages for both workers in physically demanding jobs and workers across all occupations.

Fueled by a high density of energy companies, the construction and extraction sector clearly dominates physically demanding jobs in the Houston-Woodlands-Sugar Land metro.

In Houston, 6.1 percent of all employees work in construction and extraction, which is significantly higher than the national proportion of 4.1 percent. Among the cities on this list, Houston also has the greatest number of workers employed in physically demanding jobs.

Aerial view of Birmingham, Alabama at night

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#6 – Birmingham-Hoover, AL

  • Share of workers in physically demanding jobs: 10.5%
  • Average wage for physically demanding jobs: $42,210
  • Average wage for all occupations: $47,480
  • Total employment in protective services: 13,870
  • Total employment in construction & extraction: 22,030
  • Total employment in installation & repair: 23,790

In the Birmingham-Hoover metro area, 4.7 percent of all employees are in installation and repair occupations, above the national share of 3.9 percent. Notably, automotive mechanics are considered part of the installation and repair sector, and Honda and Mercedes-Benz are two major employers in this region. Birmingham-Hoover also has above average employment in protective services.

the capitol building in Indianapolis, Indiana

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#5 – Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson, IN

  • Share of workers in physically demanding jobs: 10.6%
  • Average wage for physically demanding jobs: $43,373
  • Average wage for all occupations: $49,380
  • Total employment in protective services: 23,720
  • Total employment in construction & extraction: 40,040
  • Total employment in installation & repair: 39,380

Indianapolis is a major transportation and logistics center for the Midwest and boasts the second-largest FedEx air hub worldwide. This contributes to the city’s high concentration of physically demanding jobs. Workers in physically demanding jobs in Indianapolis earn about 12 percent less than the typical worker, which is on par with the national figures.

reflections on water by the city in Louisville, Kentucky

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#4 – Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN

  • Share of workers in physically demanding jobs: 11.1%
  • Average wage for physically demanding jobs: $42,749
  • Average wage for all occupations: $45,740
  • Total employment in protective services: 12,470
  • Total employment in construction & extraction: 23,800
  • Total employment in installation & repair: 28,690

Even though 11.1 percent of jobs in the Louisville metropolitan area are categorized as physically demanding, the area’s proportion of jobs in protective services is 19.5 percent lower than the national proportion of 2.4 percent. This is made up for by a high concentration of workers in installation and repair occupations. Two of Louisville’s major employers are UPS and Ford Motor Company, both of which have a need for strenuous physical work.

the Grand Rapids in Michigan

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#3 – Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI

  • Share of workers in physically demanding jobs: 11.2%
  • Average wage for physically demanding jobs: $40,374
  • Average wage for all occupations: $45,670
  • Total employment in protective services: 7,930
  • Total employment in construction & extraction: 18,420
  • Total employment in installation & repair: 23,010

In the Grand Rapids metro area, only 1.4 percent of all employees are in protective services. Many of the physically demanding jobs in Grand Rapids are in installation and repair, with 4.1 percent of workers employed in this sector. Notably, one of the biggest employers in Grand Rapids is the UPM Blandin Paper Mill, which requires workers to perform maintenance and repairs.


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Aerial view over San Bernardino, California in the morning

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#2 – Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA

  • Share of workers in physically demanding jobs: 11.4%
  • Average wage for physically demanding jobs: $46,826
  • Average wage for all occupations: $49,100
  • Total employment in protective services: 39,170
  • Total employment in construction & extraction: 79,220
  • Total employment in installation & repair: 58,270

Among the cities on this list, Riverside offers the most money to those working in physically strenuous jobs, with an average wage of $46,826. Many of the physically demanding jobs in Riverside are in construction and extraction, with an employment share that’s almost 30 percent higher than the national average.

stunning shot of water, city and clouds in Memphis, Tennessee

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#1 – Memphis, TN-MS-AR

  • Share of workers in physically demanding jobs: 11.9%
  • Average wage for physically demanding jobs: $39,450
  • Average wage for all occupations: $44,610
  • Total employment in protective services: 21,070
  • Total employment in construction & extraction: 19,050
  • Total employment in installation & repair: 24,380

The Memphis metro area holds the most physically demanding jobs among all large metros, with almost 12 percent of jobs requiring heavy physical work. The concentration of protective service jobs in Memphis is 42 percent above average. Among cities on this list, Memphis offers the lowest wage for physically demanding jobs, at $39,450 annually—11.6 percent less than what the typical Memphis worker earns.

Methodology & Full Results

Data on the proportion of heavy or very heavy work comes from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Requirement Survey, out of which the 22 major occupational groups were analyzed. Metropolitan-level employment and wage statistics are from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Requirement Survey. This data was then used to calculate the proportion of physically demanding jobs and the associated wage for each metropolitan area.

Metropolitan areas were grouped based on population size and ordered by the share of workers in physically demanding jobs:

  • Large metros: 1,000,000 people or more
  • Midsize metros: 350,000 – 1,000,000
  • Small metros: less than 350,000 people

Complete Rankings – All Statistics

– Large Metros

RankMetropolitan areaWorkers in Physically Demanding JobsWage for Physically Demanding JobsWage for All OccupationsProtective Services EmploymentConstruction & Extraction EmploymentInstallation & Repair Employment
1Memphis, TN-MS-AR11.9%$39,450$44,61021,07019,05024,380
2Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA11.4%$46,826$49,10039,17079,22058,270
3Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI11.2%$40,374$45,6707,93018,42023,010
4Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN11.1%$42,749$45,74012,47023,80028,690
5Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson, IN10.6%$43,373$49,38023,72040,04039,380
6Birmingham-Hoover, AL10.5%$42,210$47,48013,87022,03023,790
7Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX10.4%$45,943$54,29070,320182,530130,320
8New Orleans-Metairie, LA10.4%$42,365$44,86018,39024,56023,920
9Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, NV10.2%$44,147$45,60034,15047,96033,800
10Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia, NC-SC10.1%$41,640$51,00028,99051,28050,920
11Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC10.1%$43,980$48,45020,33037,53035,190
12Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin, TN10.0%$41,584$48,37022,01032,17040,960
13Jacksonville, FL9.9%$41,926$46,92016,78033,28031,550
14Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN9.8%$43,600$50,03023,08037,77042,260
15Pittsburgh, PA9.7%$45,256$50,07023,53052,21046,720
16Richmond, VA9.7%$43,830$51,33017,72027,99026,420
17Oklahoma City, OK9.7%$43,562$47,12013,58032,36027,360
18Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI9.6%$46,173$51,04015,37028,68028,880
19Cleveland-Elyria, OH9.6%$45,421$50,47027,23031,74036,470
20Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX9.6%$44,880$52,59072,150149,540147,500
21Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI9.5%$47,005$53,69034,59063,20074,890
22Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI9.5%$49,037$55,670120,770138,710154,200
23Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL9.5%$43,561$48,24084,07099,610106,080
24St. Louis, MO-IL9.5%$46,513$50,25029,64054,13050,290
25Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls, NY9.4%$45,797$49,42014,89019,63020,710
26San Antonio-New Braunfels, TX9.4%$41,794$46,65024,38042,97040,580
27Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD9.3%$48,421$57,74041,51059,51050,600
28Providence-Warwick, RI-MA9.3%$48,185$53,73014,26021,01018,860
29Kansas City, MO-KS9.3%$45,360$50,20021,98041,01041,200
30Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ9.3%$44,997$50,52050,45093,07079,230
31Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA9.3%$42,738$52,75058,99088,500100,630
32Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, FL9.2%$39,816$44,93031,69055,58048,380
33Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA9.2%$56,207$65,40037,54093,62073,180
34Columbus, OH9.1%$43,824$51,26023,57029,97037,610
35Tucson, AZ9.1%$43,558$47,61011,75014,70015,640
36Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro, OR-WA9.0%$50,214$56,16018,96055,97038,570
37Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD9.0%$48,379$56,17071,91088,74097,780
38Salt Lake City, UT9.0%$44,187$50,92011,59033,62025,680
39New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA9.0%$53,516$64,550313,700323,890297,290
40Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade, CA9.0%$50,677$56,43023,19047,38031,890
41Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO8.9%$49,875$59,44032,37072,25053,900
42Rochester, NY8.9%$44,783$50,83010,73018,04018,360
43Raleigh, NC8.8%$42,412$52,58013,80028,42025,930
44Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL8.8%$41,652$47,75029,28055,28049,520
45Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA8.8%$49,148$57,890142,470195,110173,850
46San Diego-Carlsbad, CA8.5%$50,107$58,09033,63063,48045,850
47Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI8.5%$50,288$57,42030,73063,73060,260
48Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT8.3%$50,872$60,82010,49016,07018,160
49San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA8.0%$58,833$72,40045,26095,85066,470
50Austin-Round Rock, TX8.0%$43,106$53,81021,92044,11034,800
51Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV7.4%$52,497$70,98088,360112,39099,290
52San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA6.9%$57,604$80,48019,13036,22030,630

– Midsize Metros

RankMetropolitan areaWorkers in Physically Demanding JobsWage for Physically Demanding JobsWage for All OccupationsProtective Services EmploymentConstruction & Extraction EmploymentInstallation & Repair Employment
1Baton Rouge, LA12.7%$43,854$45,20012,14042,49019,910
2Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX12.4%$47,934$49,1504,93014,3808,320
3Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton, NC12.4%$38,181$40,6103,3303,5107,160
4Corpus Christi, TX11.9%$43,968$43,9604,31016,68010,380
5York-Hanover, PA11.8%$43,343$46,9302,8908,2409,610
6Stockton-Lodi, CA11.7%$48,181$48,9806,45010,21010,030
7Lafayette, LA11.6%$39,767$40,5403,76011,12011,340
8Ocala, FL11.5%$37,377$38,6903,0605,0604,490
9Mobile, AL11.4%$41,687$44,5703,5509,8209,230
10Savannah, GA11.4%$42,270$44,4805,0706,3509,080
11Lakeland-Winter Haven, FL11.4%$39,542$42,0904,84010,09011,600
12Lancaster, PA11.4%$42,417$44,9602,69012,49011,330
13Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton, PA11.4%$41,216$43,0105,5108,44010,360
14Reading, PA11.3%$44,748$48,4802,8106,1108,010
15Greensboro-High Point, NC11.1%$39,421$44,5706,65012,85017,370
16Reno, NV11.1%$44,332$47,3804,54014,4008,720
17Shreveport-Bossier City, LA11.0%$39,395$40,0005,1107,1508,680
18Vallejo-Fairfield, CA11.0%$55,833$54,8904,1608,2305,800
19Toledo, OH11.0%$43,651$45,5206,80011,41011,730
20Fort Wayne, IN10.9%$42,478$45,2803,6307,9609,210
21Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ10.9%$43,373$47,5806,86010,94014,440
22Montgomery, AL10.9%$37,477$42,5105,6705,1007,500
23Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula, MS10.9%$43,080$43,1604,9909,1007,460
24Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC10.8%$40,718$44,9806,19010,4609,700
25Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH10.8%$44,045$42,2901,8507,8705,620
26Cape Coral-Fort Myers, FL10.8%$40,770$43,0005,66021,83013,130
27Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin, SC10.7%$39,173$43,9606,90014,29018,100
28Canton-Massillon, OH10.7%$40,992$42,6503,0807,9706,810
29Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA10.7%$41,375$42,0706,1207,6608,100
30Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island, FL10.6%$43,344$46,2903,13011,7906,320
31Winston-Salem, NC10.6%$39,455$45,8504,7308,48010,030
32Wichita, KS10.5%$42,300$44,5006,12014,46013,900
33Chattanooga, TN-GA10.4%$39,896$43,8904,5907,30010,760
34Ogden-Clearfield, UT10.4%$42,300$46,0903,52016,79010,850
35Tulsa, OK10.4%$42,193$46,1708,67020,81021,150
36Killeen-Temple, TX10.4%$42,025$43,9904,4806,6806,270
37Flint, MI10.3%$45,932$46,3003,8405,1105,620
38Columbia, SC10.3%$40,387$44,68013,33014,85017,370
39Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL10.3%$43,281$47,2203,8807,2708,560
40Springfield, MO10.3%$40,120$41,6103,6606,9409,240
41Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, AR-MO10.3%$39,189$46,4704,0708,0309,830
42Lexington-Fayette, KY10.3%$42,862$44,9006,0309,30010,960
43Jackson, MS10.2%$38,961$43,1808,7307,64011,790
44El Paso, TX10.2%$37,198$39,10010,09011,49013,180
45Charleston-North Charleston, SC10.2%$43,099$46,2007,66016,90015,560
46North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton, FL10.1%$40,653$44,2306,00017,33012,910
47Asheville, NC10.0%$42,232$43,0703,9407,1707,640
48Salisbury, MD-DE10.0%$42,011$43,1703,8005,9207,040
49Modesto, CA10.0%$46,900$47,0003,1706,9506,980
50Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA9.9%$43,650$49,5407,4008,79012,430
51Port St. Lucie, FL9.9%$42,066$44,0702,8808,2006,540
52Spokane-Spokane Valley, WA9.9%$47,777$49,2005,65010,6309,550
53Bakersfield, CA9.8%$50,957$49,4509,58016,58013,150
54Boise City, ID9.8%$41,453$45,4705,95018,42012,890
55Urban Honolulu, HI9.7%$55,752$54,87015,13022,96018,180
56Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway, AR9.7%$40,693$45,0208,95012,98015,320
57Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach, SC-NC9.7%$36,818$36,9504,5007,1907,430
58Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent, FL9.6%$40,707$42,4905,5508,7807,570
59Knoxville, TN9.6%$40,676$45,1307,76013,34016,330
60Omaha-Council Bluffs, NE-IA9.6%$44,167$48,6909,25022,69018,250
61Salem, OR9.6%$46,216$48,7903,7908,5705,750
62Fayetteville, NC9.6%$40,092$42,7503,1104,2505,640
63Anchorage, AK9.5%$61,617$59,4304,0907,7308,740
64McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX9.5%$35,560$36,7008,2105,9408,370
65Peoria, IL9.4%$47,542$51,5102,7306,0407,440
66Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach, FL9.4%$37,533$39,7904,0909,9808,250
67Brownsville-Harlingen, TX9.4%$35,270$35,2304,4902,4805,060
68Syracuse, NY9.4%$47,311$51,4005,69012,26013,820
69Albuquerque, NM9.4%$41,146$46,86011,87019,85013,060
70Worcester, MA-CT9.4%$49,508$54,2405,5809,4809,680
71Santa Rosa, CA9.3%$52,258$55,2903,12010,8507,220
72Akron, OH9.3%$44,583$48,9105,54010,67012,280
73Fresno, CA9.3%$46,974$47,3407,89014,86013,850
74Dayton, OH9.2%$43,071$50,1007,5409,42013,230
75Provo-Orem, UT9.2%$40,405$47,6102,80019,8707,080
76Eugene, OR9.1%$45,569$47,3202,2805,5306,160
77Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville, FL9.1%$43,100$48,9405,8709,7209,250
78Portland-South Portland, ME8.7%$44,557$51,2604,1507,2607,470
79Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura, CA8.6%$48,763$54,4005,09012,90010,020
80Lansing-East Lansing, MI8.6%$43,721$49,3202,8806,6707,960
81Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA8.6%$44,741$52,2206,65015,58012,930
82Visalia-Porterville, CA8.6%$42,036$42,7002,3604,6405,120
83Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY8.5%$48,670$54,4009,88017,64016,590
84Colorado Springs, CO8.4%$44,707$51,4306,27012,7809,670
85Madison, WI8.3%$46,689$52,8905,84014,03012,550
86Tallahassee, FL8.3%$39,621$45,3405,3205,9505,780
87Huntsville, AL8.2%$40,573$54,6304,3907,1907,180
88Salinas, CA8.1%$52,620$49,7005,4505,4205,600
89Santa Maria-Santa Barbara, CA8.0%$49,957$54,8902,8807,7305,240
90Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT7.8%$53,767$68,5909,72010,58012,820
91Trenton, NJ7.7%$51,230$63,7007,2704,6905,810
92Ann Arbor, MI7.4%$48,032$55,1303,1303,9605,880
93Durham-Chapel Hill, NC7.3%$45,325$59,9404,6506,5509,170

– Small Metros

RankMetropolitan areaWorkers in Physically Demanding JobsWage for Physically Demanding JobsWage for All OccupationsProtective Services EmploymentConstruction & Extraction EmploymentInstallation & Repair Employment
1Odessa, TX15.0%$46,207$46,86066012,1805,140
2Midland, TX14.2%$48,589$55,8301,04014,8906,400
3Dalton, GA13.9%$35,715$39,8309301,4003,880
4Elkhart-Goshen, IN13.9%$41,827$43,6401,2404,5405,830
5Greeley, CO13.6%$46,196$47,9501,99012,8705,350
6Enid, OK13.5%$43,902$42,7505302,0701,840
7Houma-Thibodaux, LA13.4%$46,239$44,5201,5205,5605,600
8Farmington, NM13.3%$46,934$43,9801,0705,9303,020
9The Villages, FL13.1%$41,304$41,6101,8802,2101,120
10Pine Bluff, AR12.8%$38,087$39,7302,1407501,560
11Morristown, TN12.6%$37,212$37,6207401,8501,990
12Decatur, AL12.6%$39,575$40,5601,1202,6002,670
13Chambersburg-Waynesboro, PA12.5%$42,218$44,0006201,9703,220
14Michigan City-La Porte, IN12.4%$41,384$40,7601,8801,8401,790
15Lebanon, PA12.3%$39,620$41,7807401,4902,380
16Gainesville, GA12.2%$37,807$42,8201,7602,6203,960
17Longview, TX12.2%$41,502$42,7301,6007,8104,950
18Sioux City, IA-NE-SD12.1%$41,330$42,6301,2903,4303,980
19Lima, OH12.0%$43,906$44,1501,0201,8802,500
20Staunton-Waynesboro, VA12.0%$41,548$43,0909502,0002,370
21Grand Island, NE11.9%$40,685$42,8705901,8002,190
22Spartanburg, SC11.9%$41,387$43,8602,4504,8708,070
23Albany, OR11.9%$44,918$45,7106702,3602,190
24Tuscaloosa, AL11.9%$40,441$41,8002,0805,1105,200
25Longview, WA11.9%$49,925$49,1706102,0702,070
26Decatur, IL11.7%$44,723$45,4501,0302,1002,620
27Owensboro, KY11.7%$42,322$41,7701,0002,1802,970
28Florence-Muscle Shoals, AL11.6%$38,247$38,5307002,8302,650
29Texarkana, TX-AR11.6%$41,895$40,7501,5902,0103,760
30Gadsden, AL11.6%$35,224$36,7606001,1401,430
31Evansville, IN-KY11.6%$42,936$43,8402,5507,8407,610
32Dothan, AL11.6%$37,698$39,1701,5702,0302,910
33Gettysburg, PA11.6%$40,651$41,9405301,1701,540
34Racine, WI11.6%$43,195$44,6401,9302,2403,340
35Wheeling, WV-OH11.6%$45,395$42,4801,7704,6903,200
36Fond du Lac, WI11.5%$44,583$46,1807202,1802,270
37Fort Smith, AR-OK11.5%$35,977$38,5102,0504,7405,110
38Albany, GA11.5%$38,778$40,6202,1901,9003,420
39Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville, AL11.5%$38,065$39,0609501,1002,920
40Rocky Mount, NC11.5%$36,927$38,5701,2101,9902,260
41Terre Haute, IN11.4%$42,409$41,9702,0602,8003,180
42Mansfield, OH11.4%$39,745$40,0101,7301,5302,540
43Joplin, MO11.4%$38,177$38,6101,0102,1103,580
44New Bern, NC11.4%$42,659$44,1001,3301,7902,810
45Wausau, WI11.3%$43,236$45,9201,1002,2803,060
46Columbus, IN11.3%$39,622$43,8801,3101,960
47Hanford-Corcoran, CA11.3%$55,302$48,1803,6008601,750
48St. Joseph, MO-KS11.3%$41,975$42,6201,1502,0002,380
49Victoria, TX11.3%$43,693$42,8506002,9001,840
50Danville, IL11.3%$44,240$43,9007905201,210
51Kankakee, IL11.3%$46,546$45,9801,2501,1102,020
52Monroe, MI11.2%$43,039$44,8104801,1302,090
53Oshkosh-Neenah, WI11.2%$43,747$46,3801,8304,1303,760
54Weirton-Steubenville, WV-OH11.2%$41,515$41,5008001,5301,610
55Rockford, IL11.2%$43,727$44,9602,3704,4605,580
56Sheboygan, WI11.2%$43,949$46,7307001,8502,430
57Williamsport, PA11.2%$42,983$43,2601,2502,7402,310
58Roanoke, VA11.2%$40,986$44,1704,7506,6306,810
59Elmira, NY11.2%$45,918$46,2301,2701,3301,740
60Hagerstown-Martinsburg, MD-WV11.1%$42,979$46,3802,9003,4204,950
61Lake Havasu City-Kingman, AZ11.1%$41,625$40,4701,8602,0702,990
62Wenatchee, WA11.1%$45,598$45,7207802,3002,110
63Lewiston, ID-WA11.0%$33,559$43,8605701,2001,470
64Appleton, WI11.0%$43,755$46,3801,6106,8405,750
65Florence, SC11.0%$38,529$41,0701,7302,6404,220
66St. George, UT11.0%$40,868$40,3707905,5203,000
67Harrisonburg, VA11.0%$39,440$42,0108902,8703,110
68Grand Junction, CO10.9%$47,330$46,0701,2204,1503,330
69Monroe, LA10.9%$35,684$38,3403,0002,6503,370
70Bremerton-Silverdale, WA10.9%$55,345$54,5301,7707,0005,620
71Glens Falls, NY10.8%$45,028$45,4801,7602,4302,820
72Pueblo, CO10.8%$46,441$45,2002,1602,7802,650
73Altoona, PA10.8%$39,417$40,2809802,1902,610
74Alexandria, LA10.8%$39,269$39,0801,7403,1102,380
75Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol, TN-VA10.8%$41,148$43,4802,3404,4906,280
76St. Cloud, MN10.8%$45,990$46,9609804,8704,950
77Sumter, SC10.8%$38,233$39,8001,7001,810
78Burlington, NC10.8%$36,877$39,4609002,3702,620
79Valdosta, GA10.8%$37,003$37,4201,1302,2502,370
80Abilene, TX10.8%$42,318$41,8101,8903,5803,390
81Goldsboro, NC10.8%$37,558$38,7301,0401,4301,830
82Amarillo, TX10.8%$43,390$44,0303,5405,4805,620
83Homosassa Springs, FL10.7%$39,992$39,1307902,1501,740
84Janesville-Beloit, WI10.7%$44,863$45,3208902,5602,710
85Mount Vernon-Anacortes, WA10.7%$50,878$50,0307002,7502,280
86Green Bay, WI10.7%$42,882$45,5703,1407,1306,990
87Battle Creek, MI10.7%$44,708$47,4201,0501,5002,430
88Jonesboro, AR10.6%$37,617$38,6109301,8002,720
89Punta Gorda, FL10.6%$41,434$41,3101,1703,0702,380
90Lynchburg, VA10.6%$39,114$42,7801,6704,1104,500
91Cumberland, MD-WV10.6%$43,983$44,1001,5101,5101,430
92Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA10.6%$41,484$43,1601,1603,0603,950
93Saginaw, MI10.5%$43,115$43,2801,3703,2103,990
94Cheyenne, WY10.5%$47,873$48,5508802,9602,180
95Jackson, TN10.5%$38,944$40,9701,3702,2302,960
96Lafayette-West Lafayette, IN10.5%$42,596$44,6201,4503,0503,890
97Lewiston-Auburn, ME10.5%$41,816$43,9608102,0902,310
98Laredo, TX10.5%$39,396$38,6604,7802,7403,400
99Eau Claire, WI10.4%$43,245$43,8301,6403,1003,250
100Rome, GA10.4%$40,185$42,5007806901,470
101Winchester, VA-WV10.4%$42,523$46,3801,0302,2502,530
102Vineland-Bridgeton, NJ10.4%$53,860$47,4703,0101,9102,560
103Muskegon, MI10.4%$38,693$42,9801,1801,9002,150
104East Stroudsburg, PA10.3%$40,809$41,6201,4601,5503,550
105Rapid City, SD10.3%$41,121$41,0001,2304,5502,670
106Hot Springs, AR10.3%$35,597$36,2007001,4801,980
107Kennewick-Richland, WA10.3%$50,806$54,6902,4207,4904,850
108Niles-Benton Harbor, MI10.3%$40,270$43,2301,5601,6602,470
109Waco, TX10.3%$40,540$43,5602,5705,5005,060
110Sherman-Denison, TX10.3%$39,869$41,4007201,8201,840
111Bellingham, WA10.3%$48,866$49,0501,7805,4103,360
112Billings, MT10.2%$47,062$46,8701,3304,9804,130
113Charleston, WV10.2%$43,351$44,6803,2405,5905,490
114Hattiesburg, MS10.2%$38,067$38,6301,2202,1202,980
115Prescott, AZ10.2%$42,920$42,8601,6003,5602,610
116Warner Robins, GA10.2%$42,354$45,8101,5802,8705,000
117Sierra Vista-Douglas, AZ10.1%$47,478$49,6102,3101,0401,490
118South Bend-Mishawaka, IN-MI10.1%$41,307$45,5802,8504,5705,930
119Erie, PA10.1%$40,820$41,4802,5303,6604,550
120Walla Walla, WA10.1%$47,241$48,3801,0607401,010
121Sioux Falls, SD10.1%$42,482$44,8502,1107,5305,940
122Carbondale-Marion, IL10.1%$43,800$43,3201,2701,9902,420
123Clarksville, TN-KY10.1%$37,738$39,4101,7202,2103,740
124Topeka, KS10.1%$41,512$44,0103,1805,1304,840
125Cedar Rapids, IA10.1%$44,508$49,3901,8906,7406,120
126Auburn-Opelika, AL10.1%$35,149$39,8608701,6802,370
127Bay City, MI10.0%$41,224$42,9703809401,560
128Springfield, OH10.0%$40,619$44,2006809501,910
129Tyler, TX10.0%$42,235$43,1801,6903,7804,420
130Dover, DE10.0%$42,804$45,1201,5302,1402,560
131Jefferson City, MO10.0%$38,895$42,1202,6303,2603,080
132Hammond, LA10.0%$37,852$38,4501,3801,0901,650
133Great Falls, MT10.0%$42,954$41,2207301,7701,700
134Watertown-Fort Drum, NY9.9%$46,139$45,7501,4501,8401,960
135Elizabethtown-Fort Knox, KY9.9%$41,139$43,2801,1001,8202,370
136Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina, HI9.9%$51,269$48,9802,1103,6303,120
137Bangor, ME9.9%$43,503$44,8601,7302,8702,610
138Duluth, MN-WI9.9%$48,119$47,0802,6205,5105,860
139Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford, VA9.9%$38,813$44,0401,4702,2403,270
140Kingston, NY9.9%$47,663$48,1302,6102,4902,380
141Jackson, MI9.9%$46,212$49,5901,5701,5802,410
142Wichita Falls, TX9.9%$39,030$40,6901,5301,7502,260
143Brunswick, GA9.9%$40,566$42,2801,3701,7401,900
144Coeur d'Alene, ID9.9%$43,031$42,5801,2404,0202,480
145Lake Charles, LA9.9%$42,968$45,0302,6306,510
146Utica-Rome, NY9.9%$43,885$46,3404,0203,9204,810
147Sebring, FL9.8%$35,713$35,9405701,1901,200
148Grand Forks, ND-MN9.8%$38,108$45,8205502,2302,180
149San Angelo, TX9.8%$40,079$40,0609301,8102,430
150Daphne-Fairhope-Foley, AL9.8%$36,976$37,0401,5402,9003,540
151Lawton, OK9.8%$40,713$39,5101,2001,3302,010
152Fairbanks, AK9.8%$59,472$57,5708202,1101,890
153Hinesville, GA9.8%$42,141$43,380620540900
154Cape Girardeau, MO-IL9.8%$40,211$39,6305301,3901,760
155Bismarck, ND9.7%$49,109$50,3901,5603,7103,310
156Panama City, FL9.7%$38,055$40,2802,3904,1404,170
157Fargo, ND-MN9.7%$45,611$49,2602,0006,5505,510
158Medford, OR9.7%$45,121$45,9501,1403,6303,110
159Kalamazoo-Portage, MI9.7%$43,854$47,0602,1805,2505,320
160La Crosse-Onalaska, WI-MN9.7%$46,591$46,1209002,5603,180
161Lubbock, TX9.7%$42,011$43,6603,2005,7606,160
162Idaho Falls, ID9.7%$40,561$44,3801,3203,6702,330
163Pittsfield, MA9.6%$48,965$51,6007002,2001,700
164Morgantown, WV9.6%$43,554$46,4701,1903,2003,020
165Bloomsburg-Berwick, PA9.6%$42,168$46,2504401,1901,350
166El Centro, CA9.6%$49,322$45,5403,5601,4102,110
167Binghamton, NY9.6%$44,734$47,6102,0103,8603,640
168Dubuque, IA9.6%$41,886$44,8506802,0902,190
169Midland, MI9.6%$46,720$53,4203901,7601,110
170Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort, SC9.6%$39,015$40,8402,2303,5003,190
171Yuma, AZ9.6%$42,074$40,8403,2502,2702,650
172Cleveland, TN9.6%$38,636$39,0307601,1601,910
173Logan, UT-ID9.5%$35,349$40,4605602,5802,070
174Atlantic City-Hammonton, NJ9.5%$48,535$48,0404,5004,6604,410
175Lincoln, NE9.5%$44,305$46,8003,0607,3406,320
176Merced, CA9.5%$44,484$47,2601,3601,7802,900
177Mankato-North Mankato, MN9.5%$43,968$46,1905401,7902,250
178Wilmington, NC9.4%$40,402$43,5502,7805,3305,400
179Barnstable Town, MA9.4%$53,703$52,5102,5205,1603,810
180Rochester, MN9.4%$41,797$57,8401,1004,1903,570
181Johnstown, PA9.4%$40,863$41,4109301,5902,170
182Bowling Green, KY9.4%$40,204$40,2401,3602,4103,440
183Redding, CA9.4%$49,837$49,1301,4702,7802,930
184Bend-Redmond, OR9.4%$47,424$48,3901,0705,0902,710
185Columbus, GA-AL9.3%$37,056$41,9803,4303,4605,080
186Yuba City, CA9.3%$50,265$51,2409301,6901,700
187Ocean City, NJ9.3%$46,313$43,8509201,7901,630
188Greenville, NC9.2%$41,305$45,2301,3802,8102,510
189Madera, CA9.2%$53,800$47,6801,7401,5001,450
190San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande, CA9.2%$51,731$50,5503,4705,7103,970
191Fort Collins, CO9.2%$45,954$51,0502,6808,6806,030
192Jacksonville, NC9.2%$37,674$37,2201,2001,7802,070
193Las Cruces, NM9.1%$39,312$41,8602,7603,1002,340
194Iowa City, IA9.1%$46,015$50,7801,2003,2902,600
195Bloomington, IN9.0%$40,551$44,3901,3002,3002,730
196Pocatello, ID9.0%$39,096$40,8306401,2601,440
197Flagstaff, AZ9.0%$42,104$44,4301,5402,3602,650
198Manhattan, KS8.9%$38,020$42,1406001,7901,540
199Napa, CA8.9%$54,340$55,3001,7003,3501,980
200Muncie, IN8.9%$42,691$44,0506301,2401,560
201Carson City, NV8.8%$47,392$50,8409701,1201,200
202Champaign-Urbana, IL8.8%$47,064$50,6301,6203,4003,990
203Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin, FL8.8%$40,012$44,0303,0504,9405,900
204State College, PA8.8%$43,648$48,1201,7102,9603,240
205Missoula, MT8.7%$43,004$42,5808502,7702,510
206Johnson City, TN8.7%$40,334$42,7409601,8602,550
207Chico, CA8.6%$46,261$46,1201,3103,0702,830
208Burlington-South Burlington, VT8.6%$47,483$53,6802,2504,6504,820
209Gainesville, FL8.5%$42,045$45,9202,7504,5804,600
210Grants Pass, OR8.5%$41,080$40,660300980720
211Ames, IA8.4%$43,558$49,6605201,7201,760
212Columbia, MO8.4%$42,639$46,2601,2203,0103,360
213Charlottesville, VA8.4%$44,888$54,3503,1204,7803,240
214Yakima, WA8.3%$47,838$44,9601,9103,5603,740
215Sebastian-Vero Beach, FL8.3%$34,868$41,5801,1702,840
216Springfield, IL8.2%$47,643$50,5601,9803,6003,650
217Athens-Clarke County, GA8.2%$40,679$45,8101,4702,2802,880
218Santa Fe, NM8.2%$40,686$46,2602,1502,5301,870
219College Station-Bryan, TX8.2%$41,139$47,9302,3304,7704,300
220Santa Cruz-Watsonville, CA8.1%$51,188$54,5201,7403,8002,940
221Lawrence, KS8.1%$40,094$42,7809401,5201,690
222Olympia-Tumwater, WA7.9%$50,096$54,0502,3004,2903,560
223Bloomington, IL7.4%$46,810$53,3401,8002,2703,040
224Corvallis, OR6.7%$44,811$53,110580940800
225Ithaca, NY6.6%$48,413$58,1806501,3201,440
226Boulder, CO6.6%$49,124$64,6902,3504,1104,910
227California-Lexington Park, MD6.4%$51,118$71,2008301,1902,410

– All Metros

RankMetropolitan areaWorkers in Physically Demanding JobsWage for Physically Demanding JobsWage for All OccupationsProtective Services EmploymentConstruction & Extraction EmploymentInstallation & Repair Employment
1Odessa, TX15.0%$46,207$46,86066012,1805,140
2Midland, TX14.2%$48,589$55,8301,04014,8906,400
3Dalton, GA13.9%$35,715$39,8309301,4003,880
4Elkhart-Goshen, IN13.9%$41,827$43,6401,2404,5405,830
5Greeley, CO13.6%$46,196$47,9501,99012,8705,350
6Enid, OK13.5%$43,902$42,7505302,0701,840
7Houma-Thibodaux, LA13.4%$46,239$44,5201,5205,5605,600
8Farmington, NM13.3%$46,934$43,9801,0705,9303,020
9The Villages, FL13.1%$41,304$41,6101,8802,2101,120
10Pine Bluff, AR12.8%$38,087$39,7302,1407501,560
11Baton Rouge, LA12.7%$43,854$45,20012,14042,49019,910
12Morristown, TN12.6%$37,212$37,6207401,8501,990
13Decatur, AL12.6%$39,575$40,5601,1202,6002,670
14Chambersburg-Waynesboro, PA12.5%$42,218$44,0006201,9703,220
15Beaumont-Port Arthur, TX12.4%$47,934$49,1504,93014,3808,320
16Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton, NC12.4%$38,181$40,6103,3303,5107,160
17Michigan City-La Porte, IN12.4%$41,384$40,7601,8801,8401,790
18Lebanon, PA12.3%$39,620$41,7807401,4902,380
19Gainesville, GA12.2%$37,807$42,8201,7602,6203,960
20Longview, TX12.2%$41,502$42,7301,6007,8104,950
21Sioux City, IA-NE-SD12.1%$41,330$42,6301,2903,4303,980
22Lima, OH12.0%$43,906$44,1501,0201,8802,500
23Staunton-Waynesboro, VA12.0%$41,548$43,0909502,0002,370
24Grand Island, NE11.9%$40,685$42,8705901,8002,190
25Spartanburg, SC11.9%$41,387$43,8602,4504,8708,070
26Albany, OR11.9%$44,918$45,7106702,3602,190
27Memphis, TN-MS-AR11.9%$39,450$44,61021,07019,05024,380
28Tuscaloosa, AL11.9%$40,441$41,8002,0805,1105,200
29Longview, WA11.9%$49,925$49,1706102,0702,070
30Corpus Christi, TX11.9%$43,968$43,9604,31016,68010,380
31York-Hanover, PA11.8%$43,343$46,9302,8908,2409,610
32Decatur, IL11.7%$44,723$45,4501,0302,1002,620
33Owensboro, KY11.7%$42,322$41,7701,0002,1802,970
34Stockton-Lodi, CA11.7%$48,181$48,9806,45010,21010,030
35Florence-Muscle Shoals, AL11.6%$38,247$38,5307002,8302,650
36Texarkana, TX-AR11.6%$41,895$40,7501,5902,0103,760
37Gadsden, AL11.6%$35,224$36,7606001,1401,430
38Evansville, IN-KY11.6%$42,936$43,8402,5507,8407,610
39Lafayette, LA11.6%$39,767$40,5403,76011,12011,340
40Dothan, AL11.6%$37,698$39,1701,5702,0302,910
41Gettysburg, PA11.6%$40,651$41,9405301,1701,540
42Racine, WI11.6%$43,195$44,6401,9302,2403,340
43Wheeling, WV-OH11.6%$45,395$42,4801,7704,6903,200
44Fond du Lac, WI11.5%$44,583$46,1807202,1802,270
45Ocala, FL11.5%$37,377$38,6903,0605,0604,490
46Fort Smith, AR-OK11.5%$35,977$38,5102,0504,7405,110
47Albany, GA11.5%$38,778$40,6202,1901,9003,420
48Anniston-Oxford-Jacksonville, AL11.5%$38,065$39,0609501,1002,920
49Rocky Mount, NC11.5%$36,927$38,5701,2101,9902,260
50Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA11.4%$46,826$49,10039,17079,22058,270
51Mobile, AL11.4%$41,687$44,5703,5509,8209,230
52Savannah, GA11.4%$42,270$44,4805,0706,3509,080
53Lakeland-Winter Haven, FL11.4%$39,542$42,0904,84010,09011,600
54Lancaster, PA11.4%$42,417$44,9602,69012,49011,330
55Terre Haute, IN11.4%$42,409$41,9702,0602,8003,180
56Mansfield, OH11.4%$39,745$40,0101,7301,5302,540
57Scranton--Wilkes-Barre--Hazleton, PA11.4%$41,216$43,0105,5108,44010,360
58Joplin, MO11.4%$38,177$38,6101,0102,1103,580
59New Bern, NC11.4%$42,659$44,1001,3301,7902,810
60Wausau, WI11.3%$43,236$45,9201,1002,2803,060
61Columbus, IN11.3%$39,622$43,8801,3101,960
62Hanford-Corcoran, CA11.3%$55,302$48,1803,6008601,750
63St. Joseph, MO-KS11.3%$41,975$42,6201,1502,0002,380
64Victoria, TX11.3%$43,693$42,8506002,9001,840
65Danville, IL11.3%$44,240$43,9007905201,210
66Kankakee, IL11.3%$46,546$45,9801,2501,1102,020
67Reading, PA11.3%$44,748$48,4802,8106,1108,010
68Monroe, MI11.2%$43,039$44,8104801,1302,090
69Oshkosh-Neenah, WI11.2%$43,747$46,3801,8304,1303,760
70Grand Rapids-Wyoming, MI11.2%$40,374$45,6707,93018,42023,010
71Weirton-Steubenville, WV-OH11.2%$41,515$41,5008001,5301,610
72Rockford, IL11.2%$43,727$44,9602,3704,4605,580
73Sheboygan, WI11.2%$43,949$46,7307001,8502,430
74Williamsport, PA11.2%$42,983$43,2601,2502,7402,310
75Roanoke, VA11.2%$40,986$44,1704,7506,6306,810
76Elmira, NY11.2%$45,918$46,2301,2701,3301,740
77Greensboro-High Point, NC11.1%$39,421$44,5706,65012,85017,370
78Hagerstown-Martinsburg, MD-WV11.1%$42,979$46,3802,9003,4204,950
79Lake Havasu City-Kingman, AZ11.1%$41,625$40,4701,8602,0702,990
80Reno, NV11.1%$44,332$47,3804,54014,4008,720
81Wenatchee, WA11.1%$45,598$45,7207802,3002,110
82Louisville/Jefferson County, KY-IN11.1%$42,749$45,74012,47023,80028,690
83Lewiston, ID-WA11.0%$33,559$43,8605701,2001,470
84Appleton, WI11.0%$43,755$46,3801,6106,8405,750
85Florence, SC11.0%$38,529$41,0701,7302,6404,220
86St. George, UT11.0%$40,868$40,3707905,5203,000
87Shreveport-Bossier City, LA11.0%$39,395$40,0005,1107,1508,680
88Vallejo-Fairfield, CA11.0%$55,833$54,8904,1608,2305,800
89Toledo, OH11.0%$43,651$45,5206,80011,41011,730
90Harrisonburg, VA11.0%$39,440$42,0108902,8703,110
91Fort Wayne, IN10.9%$42,478$45,2803,6307,9609,210
92Grand Junction, CO10.9%$47,330$46,0701,2204,1503,330
93Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, PA-NJ10.9%$43,373$47,5806,86010,94014,440
94Monroe, LA10.9%$35,684$38,3403,0002,6503,370
95Bremerton-Silverdale, WA10.9%$55,345$54,5301,7707,0005,620
96Montgomery, AL10.9%$37,477$42,5105,6705,1007,500
97Gulfport-Biloxi-Pascagoula, MS10.9%$43,080$43,1604,9909,1007,460
98Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC10.8%$40,718$44,9806,19010,4609,700
99Glens Falls, NY10.8%$45,028$45,4801,7602,4302,820
100Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH10.8%$44,045$42,2901,8507,8705,620
101Pueblo, CO10.8%$46,441$45,2002,1602,7802,650
102Cape Coral-Fort Myers, FL10.8%$40,770$43,0005,66021,83013,130
103Altoona, PA10.8%$39,417$40,2809802,1902,610
104Alexandria, LA10.8%$39,269$39,0801,7403,1102,380
105Kingsport-Bristol-Bristol, TN-VA10.8%$41,148$43,4802,3404,4906,280
106St. Cloud, MN10.8%$45,990$46,9609804,8704,950
107Sumter, SC10.8%$38,233$39,8001,7001,810
108Burlington, NC10.8%$36,877$39,4609002,3702,620
109Valdosta, GA10.8%$37,003$37,4201,1302,2502,370
110Abilene, TX10.8%$42,318$41,8101,8903,5803,390
111Goldsboro, NC10.8%$37,558$38,7301,0401,4301,830
112Amarillo, TX10.8%$43,390$44,0303,5405,4805,620
113Homosassa Springs, FL10.7%$39,992$39,1307902,1501,740
114Janesville-Beloit, WI10.7%$44,863$45,3208902,5602,710
115Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin, SC10.7%$39,173$43,9606,90014,29018,100
116Canton-Massillon, OH10.7%$40,992$42,6503,0807,9706,810
117Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA10.7%$41,375$42,0706,1207,6608,100
118Mount Vernon-Anacortes, WA10.7%$50,878$50,0307002,7502,280
119Green Bay, WI10.7%$42,882$45,5703,1407,1306,990
120Battle Creek, MI10.7%$44,708$47,4201,0501,5002,430
121Jonesboro, AR10.6%$37,617$38,6109301,8002,720
122Naples-Immokalee-Marco Island, FL10.6%$43,344$46,2903,13011,7906,320
123Winston-Salem, NC10.6%$39,455$45,8504,7308,48010,030
124Punta Gorda, FL10.6%$41,434$41,3101,1703,0702,380
125Lynchburg, VA10.6%$39,114$42,7801,6704,1104,500
126Cumberland, MD-WV10.6%$43,983$44,1001,5101,5101,430
127Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA10.6%$41,484$43,1601,1603,0603,950
128Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson, IN10.6%$43,373$49,38023,72040,04039,380
129Wichita, KS10.5%$42,300$44,5006,12014,46013,900
130Birmingham-Hoover, AL10.5%$42,210$47,48013,87022,03023,790
131Saginaw, MI10.5%$43,115$43,2801,3703,2103,990
132Cheyenne, WY10.5%$47,873$48,5508802,9602,180
133Jackson, TN10.5%$38,944$40,9701,3702,2302,960
134Lafayette-West Lafayette, IN10.5%$42,596$44,6201,4503,0503,890
135Lewiston-Auburn, ME10.5%$41,816$43,9608102,0902,310
136Laredo, TX10.5%$39,396$38,6604,7802,7403,400
137Chattanooga, TN-GA10.4%$39,896$43,8904,5907,30010,760
138Eau Claire, WI10.4%$43,245$43,8301,6403,1003,250
139Ogden-Clearfield, UT10.4%$42,300$46,0903,52016,79010,850
140Rome, GA10.4%$40,185$42,5007806901,470
141Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX10.4%$45,943$54,29070,320182,530130,320
142New Orleans-Metairie, LA10.4%$42,365$44,86018,39024,56023,920
143Winchester, VA-WV10.4%$42,523$46,3801,0302,2502,530
144Tulsa, OK10.4%$42,193$46,1708,67020,81021,150
145Killeen-Temple, TX10.4%$42,025$43,9904,4806,6806,270
146Vineland-Bridgeton, NJ10.4%$53,860$47,4703,0101,9102,560
147Muskegon, MI10.4%$38,693$42,9801,1801,9002,150
148Flint, MI10.3%$45,932$46,3003,8405,1105,620
149Columbia, SC10.3%$40,387$44,68013,33014,85017,370
150Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL10.3%$43,281$47,2203,8807,2708,560
151Springfield, MO10.3%$40,120$41,6103,6606,9409,240
152East Stroudsburg, PA10.3%$40,809$41,6201,4601,5503,550
153Rapid City, SD10.3%$41,121$41,0001,2304,5502,670
154Hot Springs, AR10.3%$35,597$36,2007001,4801,980
155Kennewick-Richland, WA10.3%$50,806$54,6902,4207,4904,850
156Niles-Benton Harbor, MI10.3%$40,270$43,2301,5601,6602,470
157Waco, TX10.3%$40,540$43,5602,5705,5005,060
158Sherman-Denison, TX10.3%$39,869$41,4007201,8201,840
159Bellingham, WA10.3%$48,866$49,0501,7805,4103,360
160Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers, AR-MO10.3%$39,189$46,4704,0708,0309,830
161Lexington-Fayette, KY10.3%$42,862$44,9006,0309,30010,960
162Billings, MT10.2%$47,062$46,8701,3304,9804,130
163Charleston, WV10.2%$43,351$44,6803,2405,5905,490
164Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, NV10.2%$44,147$45,60034,15047,96033,800
165Hattiesburg, MS10.2%$38,067$38,6301,2202,1202,980
166Prescott, AZ10.2%$42,920$42,8601,6003,5602,610
167Jackson, MS10.2%$38,961$43,1808,7307,64011,790
168El Paso, TX10.2%$37,198$39,10010,09011,49013,180
169Charleston-North Charleston, SC10.2%$43,099$46,2007,66016,90015,560
170Warner Robins, GA10.2%$42,354$45,8101,5802,8705,000
171North Port-Sarasota-Bradenton, FL10.1%$40,653$44,2306,00017,33012,910
172Sierra Vista-Douglas, AZ10.1%$47,478$49,6102,3101,0401,490
173South Bend-Mishawaka, IN-MI10.1%$41,307$45,5802,8504,5705,930
174Erie, PA10.1%$40,820$41,4802,5303,6604,550
175Walla Walla, WA10.1%$47,241$48,3801,0607401,010
176Sioux Falls, SD10.1%$42,482$44,8502,1107,5305,940
177Carbondale-Marion, IL10.1%$43,800$43,3201,2701,9902,420
178Clarksville, TN-KY10.1%$37,738$39,4101,7202,2103,740
179Topeka, KS10.1%$41,512$44,0103,1805,1304,840
180Cedar Rapids, IA10.1%$44,508$49,3901,8906,7406,120
181Auburn-Opelika, AL10.1%$35,149$39,8608701,6802,370
182Charlotte-Concord-Gastonia, NC-SC10.1%$41,640$51,00028,99051,28050,920
183Virginia Beach-Norfolk-Newport News, VA-NC10.1%$43,980$48,45020,33037,53035,190
184Bay City, MI10.0%$41,224$42,9703809401,560
185Springfield, OH10.0%$40,619$44,2006809501,910
186Asheville, NC10.0%$42,232$43,0703,9407,1707,640
187Salisbury, MD-DE10.0%$42,011$43,1703,8005,9207,040
188Tyler, TX10.0%$42,235$43,1801,6903,7804,420
189Dover, DE10.0%$42,804$45,1201,5302,1402,560
190Jefferson City, MO10.0%$38,895$42,1202,6303,2603,080
191Nashville-Davidson--Murfreesboro--Franklin, TN10.0%$41,584$48,37022,01032,17040,960
192Hammond, LA10.0%$37,852$38,4501,3801,0901,650
193Great Falls, MT10.0%$42,954$41,2207301,7701,700
194Modesto, CA10.0%$46,900$47,0003,1706,9506,980
195Watertown-Fort Drum, NY9.9%$46,139$45,7501,4501,8401,960
196Elizabethtown-Fort Knox, KY9.9%$41,139$43,2801,1001,8202,370
197Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA9.9%$43,650$49,5407,4008,79012,430
198Port St. Lucie, FL9.9%$42,066$44,0702,8808,2006,540
199Kahului-Wailuku-Lahaina, HI9.9%$51,269$48,9802,1103,6303,120
200Bangor, ME9.9%$43,503$44,8601,7302,8702,610
201Jacksonville, FL9.9%$41,926$46,92016,78033,28031,550
202Duluth, MN-WI9.9%$48,119$47,0802,6205,5105,860
203Blacksburg-Christiansburg-Radford, VA9.9%$38,813$44,0401,4702,2403,270
204Kingston, NY9.9%$47,663$48,1302,6102,4902,380
205Jackson, MI9.9%$46,212$49,5901,5701,5802,410
206Wichita Falls, TX9.9%$39,030$40,6901,5301,7502,260
207Brunswick, GA9.9%$40,566$42,2801,3701,7401,900
208Coeur d'Alene, ID9.9%$43,031$42,5801,2404,0202,480
209Lake Charles, LA9.9%$42,968$45,0302,6306,510
210Utica-Rome, NY9.9%$43,885$46,3404,0203,9204,810
211Spokane-Spokane Valley, WA9.9%$47,777$49,2005,65010,6309,550
212Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN9.8%$43,600$50,03023,08037,77042,260
213Sebring, FL9.8%$35,713$35,9405701,1901,200
214Grand Forks, ND-MN9.8%$38,108$45,8205502,2302,180
215San Angelo, TX9.8%$40,079$40,0609301,8102,430
216Daphne-Fairhope-Foley, AL9.8%$36,976$37,0401,5402,9003,540
217Lawton, OK9.8%$40,713$39,5101,2001,3302,010
218Bakersfield, CA9.8%$50,957$49,4509,58016,58013,150
219Boise City, ID9.8%$41,453$45,4705,95018,42012,890
220Fairbanks, AK9.8%$59,472$57,5708202,1101,890
221Hinesville, GA9.8%$42,141$43,380620540900
222Cape Girardeau, MO-IL9.8%$40,211$39,6305301,3901,760
223Bismarck, ND9.7%$49,109$50,3901,5603,7103,310
224Urban Honolulu, HI9.7%$55,752$54,87015,13022,96018,180
225Panama City, FL9.7%$38,055$40,2802,3904,1404,170
226Fargo, ND-MN9.7%$45,611$49,2602,0006,5505,510
227Medford, OR9.7%$45,121$45,9501,1403,6303,110
228Little Rock-North Little Rock-Conway, AR9.7%$40,693$45,0208,95012,98015,320
229Pittsburgh, PA9.7%$45,256$50,07023,53052,21046,720
230Kalamazoo-Portage, MI9.7%$43,854$47,0602,1805,2505,320
231La Crosse-Onalaska, WI-MN9.7%$46,591$46,1209002,5603,180
232Richmond, VA9.7%$43,830$51,33017,72027,99026,420
233Myrtle Beach-Conway-North Myrtle Beach, SC-NC9.7%$36,818$36,9504,5007,1907,430
234Oklahoma City, OK9.7%$43,562$47,12013,58032,36027,360
235Lubbock, TX9.7%$42,011$43,6603,2005,7606,160
236Idaho Falls, ID9.7%$40,561$44,3801,3203,6702,330
237Pittsfield, MA9.6%$48,965$51,6007002,2001,700
238Morgantown, WV9.6%$43,554$46,4701,1903,2003,020
239Bloomsburg-Berwick, PA9.6%$42,168$46,2504401,1901,350
240El Centro, CA9.6%$49,322$45,5403,5601,4102,110
241Pensacola-Ferry Pass-Brent, FL9.6%$40,707$42,4905,5508,7807,570
242Knoxville, TN9.6%$40,676$45,1307,76013,34016,330
243Omaha-Council Bluffs, NE-IA9.6%$44,167$48,6909,25022,69018,250
244Milwaukee-Waukesha-West Allis, WI9.6%$46,173$51,04015,37028,68028,880
245Salem, OR9.6%$46,216$48,7903,7908,5705,750
246Cleveland-Elyria, OH9.6%$45,421$50,47027,23031,74036,470
247Binghamton, NY9.6%$44,734$47,6102,0103,8603,640
248Dubuque, IA9.6%$41,886$44,8506802,0902,190
249Fayetteville, NC9.6%$40,092$42,7503,1104,2505,640
250Midland, MI9.6%$46,720$53,4203901,7601,110
251Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX9.6%$44,880$52,59072,150149,540147,500
252Hilton Head Island-Bluffton-Beaufort, SC9.6%$39,015$40,8402,2303,5003,190
253Yuma, AZ9.6%$42,074$40,8403,2502,2702,650
254Cleveland, TN9.6%$38,636$39,0307601,1601,910
255Logan, UT-ID9.5%$35,349$40,4605602,5802,070
256Detroit-Warren-Dearborn, MI9.5%$47,005$53,69034,59063,20074,890
257Anchorage, AK9.5%$61,617$59,4304,0907,7308,740
258Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI9.5%$49,037$55,670120,770138,710154,200
259Miami-Fort Lauderdale-West Palm Beach, FL9.5%$43,561$48,24084,07099,610106,080
260St. Louis, MO-IL9.5%$46,513$50,25029,64054,13050,290
261Atlantic City-Hammonton, NJ9.5%$48,535$48,0404,5004,6604,410
262Lincoln, NE9.5%$44,305$46,8003,0607,3406,320
263McAllen-Edinburg-Mission, TX9.5%$35,560$36,7008,2105,9408,370
264Merced, CA9.5%$44,484$47,2601,3601,7802,900
265Mankato-North Mankato, MN9.5%$43,968$46,1905401,7902,250
266Peoria, IL9.4%$47,542$51,5102,7306,0407,440
267Wilmington, NC9.4%$40,402$43,5502,7805,3305,400
268Barnstable Town, MA9.4%$53,703$52,5102,5205,1603,810
269Rochester, MN9.4%$41,797$57,8401,1004,1903,570
270Buffalo-Cheektowaga-Niagara Falls, NY9.4%$45,797$49,42014,89019,63020,710
271Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach, FL9.4%$37,533$39,7904,0909,9808,250
272Johnstown, PA9.4%$40,863$41,4109301,5902,170
273Brownsville-Harlingen, TX9.4%$35,270$35,2304,4902,4805,060
274Bowling Green, KY9.4%$40,204$40,2401,3602,4103,440
275Redding, CA9.4%$49,837$49,1301,4702,7802,930
276Bend-Redmond, OR9.4%$47,424$48,3901,0705,0902,710
277Syracuse, NY9.4%$47,311$51,4005,69012,26013,820
278San Antonio-New Braunfels, TX9.4%$41,794$46,65024,38042,97040,580
279Albuquerque, NM9.4%$41,146$46,86011,87019,85013,060
280Worcester, MA-CT9.4%$49,508$54,2405,5809,4809,680
281Santa Rosa, CA9.3%$52,258$55,2903,12010,8507,220
282Columbus, GA-AL9.3%$37,056$41,9803,4303,4605,080
283Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD9.3%$48,421$57,74041,51059,51050,600
284Akron, OH9.3%$44,583$48,9105,54010,67012,280
285Providence-Warwick, RI-MA9.3%$48,185$53,73014,26021,01018,860
286Yuba City, CA9.3%$50,265$51,2409301,6901,700
287Kansas City, MO-KS9.3%$45,360$50,20021,98041,01041,200
288Ocean City, NJ9.3%$46,313$43,8509201,7901,630
289Fresno, CA9.3%$46,974$47,3407,89014,86013,850
290Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale, AZ9.3%$44,997$50,52050,45093,07079,230
291Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA9.3%$42,738$52,75058,99088,500100,630
292Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford, FL9.2%$39,816$44,93031,69055,58048,380
293Greenville, NC9.2%$41,305$45,2301,3802,8102,510
294Madera, CA9.2%$53,800$47,6801,7401,5001,450
295San Luis Obispo-Paso Robles-Arroyo Grande, CA9.2%$51,731$50,5503,4705,7103,970
296Dayton, OH9.2%$43,071$50,1007,5409,42013,230
297Seattle-Tacoma-Bellevue, WA9.2%$56,207$65,40037,54093,62073,180
298Provo-Orem, UT9.2%$40,405$47,6102,80019,8707,080
299Fort Collins, CO9.2%$45,954$51,0502,6808,6806,030
300Jacksonville, NC9.2%$37,674$37,2201,2001,7802,070
301Columbus, OH9.1%$43,824$51,26023,57029,97037,610
302Eugene, OR9.1%$45,569$47,3202,2805,5306,160
303Las Cruces, NM9.1%$39,312$41,8602,7603,1002,340
304Palm Bay-Melbourne-Titusville, FL9.1%$43,100$48,9405,8709,7209,250
305Iowa City, IA9.1%$46,015$50,7801,2003,2902,600
306Tucson, AZ9.1%$43,558$47,61011,75014,70015,640
307Bloomington, IN9.0%$40,551$44,3901,3002,3002,730
308Portland-Vancouver-Hillsboro, OR-WA9.0%$50,214$56,16018,96055,97038,570
309Pocatello, ID9.0%$39,096$40,8306401,2601,440
310Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD9.0%$48,379$56,17071,91088,74097,780
311Salt Lake City, UT9.0%$44,187$50,92011,59033,62025,680
312New York-Newark-Jersey City, NY-NJ-PA9.0%$53,516$64,550313,700323,890297,290
313Flagstaff, AZ9.0%$42,104$44,4301,5402,3602,650
314Sacramento--Roseville--Arden-Arcade, CA9.0%$50,677$56,43023,19047,38031,890
315Manhattan, KS8.9%$38,020$42,1406001,7901,540
316Napa, CA8.9%$54,340$55,3001,7003,3501,980
317Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO8.9%$49,875$59,44032,37072,25053,900
318Rochester, NY8.9%$44,783$50,83010,73018,04018,360
319Muncie, IN8.9%$42,691$44,0506301,2401,560
320Carson City, NV8.8%$47,392$50,8409701,1201,200
321Raleigh, NC8.8%$42,412$52,58013,80028,42025,930
322Champaign-Urbana, IL8.8%$47,064$50,6301,6203,4003,990
323Crestview-Fort Walton Beach-Destin, FL8.8%$40,012$44,0303,0504,9405,900
324State College, PA8.8%$43,648$48,1201,7102,9603,240
325Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL8.8%$41,652$47,75029,28055,28049,520
326Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA8.8%$49,148$57,890142,470195,110173,850
327Missoula, MT8.7%$43,004$42,5808502,7702,510
328Portland-South Portland, ME8.7%$44,557$51,2604,1507,2607,470
329Johnson City, TN8.7%$40,334$42,7409601,8602,550
330Chico, CA8.6%$46,261$46,1201,3103,0702,830
331Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura, CA8.6%$48,763$54,4005,09012,90010,020
332Lansing-East Lansing, MI8.6%$43,721$49,3202,8806,6707,960
333Burlington-South Burlington, VT8.6%$47,483$53,6802,2504,6504,820
334Des Moines-West Des Moines, IA8.6%$44,741$52,2206,65015,58012,930
335Visalia-Porterville, CA8.6%$42,036$42,7002,3604,6405,120
336Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY8.5%$48,670$54,4009,88017,64016,590
337San Diego-Carlsbad, CA8.5%$50,107$58,09033,63063,48045,850
338Minneapolis-St. Paul-Bloomington, MN-WI8.5%$50,288$57,42030,73063,73060,260
339Gainesville, FL8.5%$42,045$45,9202,7504,5804,600
340Grants Pass, OR8.5%$41,080$40,660300980720
341Ames, IA8.4%$43,558$49,6605201,7201,760
342Colorado Springs, CO8.4%$44,707$51,4306,27012,7809,670
343Columbia, MO8.4%$42,639$46,2601,2203,0103,360
344Charlottesville, VA8.4%$44,888$54,3503,1204,7803,240
345Yakima, WA8.3%$47,838$44,9601,9103,5603,740
346Madison, WI8.3%$46,689$52,8905,84014,03012,550
347Tallahassee, FL8.3%$39,621$45,3405,3205,9505,780
348Sebastian-Vero Beach, FL8.3%$34,868$41,5801,1702,840
349Hartford-West Hartford-East Hartford, CT8.3%$50,872$60,82010,49016,07018,160
350Huntsville, AL8.2%$40,573$54,6304,3907,1907,180
351Springfield, IL8.2%$47,643$50,5601,9803,6003,650
352Athens-Clarke County, GA8.2%$40,679$45,8101,4702,2802,880
353Santa Fe, NM8.2%$40,686$46,2602,1502,5301,870
354College Station-Bryan, TX8.2%$41,139$47,9302,3304,7704,300
355Santa Cruz-Watsonville, CA8.1%$51,188$54,5201,7403,8002,940
356Lawrence, KS8.1%$40,094$42,7809401,5201,690
357Salinas, CA8.1%$52,620$49,7005,4505,4205,600
358Santa Maria-Santa Barbara, CA8.0%$49,957$54,8902,8807,7305,240
359San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA8.0%$58,833$72,40045,26095,85066,470
360Austin-Round Rock, TX8.0%$43,106$53,81021,92044,11034,800
361Olympia-Tumwater, WA7.9%$50,096$54,0502,3004,2903,560
362Bridgeport-Stamford-Norwalk, CT7.8%$53,767$68,5909,72010,58012,820
363Trenton, NJ7.7%$51,230$63,7007,2704,6905,810
364Bloomington, IL7.4%$46,810$53,3401,8002,2703,040
365Ann Arbor, MI7.4%$48,032$55,1303,1303,9605,880
366Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV7.4%$52,497$70,98088,360112,39099,290
367Durham-Chapel Hill, NC7.3%$45,325$59,9404,6506,5509,170
368San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, CA6.9%$57,604$80,48019,13036,22030,630
369Corvallis, OR6.7%$44,811$53,110580940800
370Ithaca, NY6.6%$48,413$58,1806501,3201,440
371Boulder, CO6.6%$49,124$64,6902,3504,1104,910
372California-Lexington Park, MD6.4%$51,118$71,2008301,1902,410

References

  1. https://www.ihrsa.org/about/media-center/press-releases/latest-ihrsa-data-over-6b-visits-to-39-570-gyms-in-2018/#
  2. https://www.bls.gov/emp/chart-unemployment-earnings-education.htm
  3. https://charlottechamber.com/clientuploads/Economic_pdfs/Charlotte_Major_Employers.pdf
  4. https://www.bls.gov/ooh/protective-service/home.htm
  5. https://choosenola.com/New-Orleans-economy/industries
  6. https://www.bls.gov/ooh/installation-maintenance-and-repair/home.htm
  7. https://static1.squarespace.com/static/5744c03020c647d51f32cecf/t/5a7b2b318165f5e5569970a4/1518021425274/major_employers_charts_2018.pdf
  8. https://iedc.in.gov/industries/logistics-and-transportation
  9. https://www.greaterlouisville.com/talent/major-employers/
  10. http://www.grandrapidseda.com/community-profile-grand-rapids-mn/major-employers-grand-rapids-mn
  11. https://www.bls.gov